Flamenco is specific to southern Spain and the region of Andalucia. It has a range of influences which include Romani and northern African.
The music is very complex and uses its own system of rhythms (compás) and scales. This is the ‘Flamenco mode’ which is an altered version of the Phrygian mode:
The music always features a guitar and may also have singing and very complicated clapping patterns. Of course, it’s not just a musical style: the dance is absolutely essential too!